Cast Iron Wagon Wheels
BAD MEDICINE 1:43 Scale TOM DANIEL Iron Legends Die-Cast Metal Replica Vehicle
TOM DANIEL 1:43 SCALE IRON LEGENDS SERIES: Tom Daniel is one of the most prolific hot rod and custom car designers of the 20th century. A unique combination of industrial designer and fine artist, Tom combined his formal design training with his love of cars to create some of the wildest wheeled creations ever seen! His catalog of over 80 model kit designs have left their mark in the imagination of everyone who loves cars. His passion and knowledge led Tom to the "ROCKETMAN" Land Speed record project and countless other design adventures during his amazing career. "TD" continues to push the design envelope to this day. Just as he has done since the late 1950's! His eye for design and wild imagination have created some of the most famous custom car and bike designs ever. Tom Daniel is a true Iron Legend. Only that ol' witch doctor, Tom Daniel, could brew up a concoction like this. Imagine a prescription delivery toy our door at over 200 mph. This sanitary speedster with the long, low dragster look is pepped-up by eye-catching goodies like the steer horns on the front, skull and bones on the rear, and skeleton in the driver's seat. Kit has on-piece body, lots of chrome and decorative decals. BAD MEDICINE...just what the doctor ordered! Highly detailed 1:43rd scale die cast replicas of Tom Daniel's Classic model kits from the 60's and 70's. Ages 8 and up. From Toy Zone
The Coal Railway Dramway
A man made marvel of the Victorian age
19 September 2006 - South Gloucestershire Council has launched a booklet to encourage people to use the Dramway - the 19th-century 'tramway' once used to transport coal from pits nine miles north of Bristol to the River Avon - as a recreational walk.
As Our first local 'railway', the historic Dramway certainly deserves room in the history books. Its construction straddled that period between horse-drawn transport, such as carts and canal barges, and the newly invented steam engine.
As these hungry monsters became commonplace in industry, the problem of transporting the vast amounts of coal they demanded became critical. It has been estimated that, by the 1820s, Bristol's requirement of coal stood at an incredible 650 tons a day. To get this to the city required roughly 130 horse-drawn wagons. It was a costly business.
Most early solutions revolved around water-borne transport, but by the early 19th century horse-drawn 'wagonways' - early railways - were being pioneered. These 'wagonways' weren't a new idea - entrepreneur millionaire Ralph Allen had used them to transport stone from his Bath mines - but the use of iron rails was quite novel.
After two false starts, in 1803 and 1826, it was decided to build a horse-drawn track from Ram Hill pit - near Coalpit Heath - to a wharf on the River Avon near Keynsham. By 1828, plans for both an Avon and Gloucestershire Railway (A and GR) and a Bristol and Gloucestershire Railway (B and GR) had been approved.
Three years later a 'wagonway' - which ran from the mines at Hole Lane Pit and Siston Hill down to the river - opened for traffic. Fully loaded trucks, with flanged wheels, would trundle down a 400ft gradient by gravity - with, of course, a 'brake man' to control the descent - and then be pulled back, when empty, by horse power.
With a 4ft 8in gauge cast iron track with passing places, held down on sunken limestone blocks, no conventional sleepers were needed. It proved a great success with nearly 3,000 tons of coal traversing the Dramway, as it was named, in 12 months.
In 1835, another line - branching off at Mangotsfield and leading through a tunnel at Staple Hill to a place called Cuckolds Pill, next to Bristol's Avon Street - was completed. It was now planned to extend the track towards Gloucester and in 1839, with the assistance of the GWR, the Bristol and Gloucester Railway Company was formed. It was decided that this new railway would be built to Brunel's 7ft broad gauge and so, in 1844, the northern section of the Dramway - between Shortwood and its junction with Ram Hill Pit - was converted to this width.
It became the first stretch of railway in the country to be dual gauge.
In 1845, the Bristol section of the line was sold to the Midland Railway (later the LMS), who ran it until 1923.
But the older Avon and Somerset track, not converted to steam use, never had steam locos running on it. By 1843, it was only carrying about 204 tons of coal a week and this slow pace continued until about 1850.
The Kennet and Avon Canal company, who transported coal to Bath and even to faraway London, took over the running of the line until, in 1852, they too, were bought out, this time by the all powerful Great Western Railway. As the canal company already owned the Avon and Gloucestershire Railway, that, too, passed into GWR ownership.
Then, in 1864, the Midland Railway decided to build a branch line from Mangotsfield to Bath. In 1867, after the GWR had decided that the Dramway was no longer needed, the final wagon-load of coal left Hole Lane Pit.
However, this wasn't quite the end of the story.
In 1876 - many years after the track had been abandoned - entrepreneur Abraham Fussell founded the Oldland Colliery Company. He deepened the old Blowbottom Shaft and renamed it 'California' in the optimistic belief that - just like the gold prospectors in the US and Australia - he could make a fortune.
Needing to get his coal to the Bristol markets, Fussell decided to connect his colliery to the derelict Dramway which lay across the Willsbridge valley,on the other side of the Siston brook. The colliery owner built a new branch of the Dramway, routing it from his colliery down a 1 in 10 incline, across the brook and on a bridge to connect with the main steam railway route.
The junction was built in such a way that any 'runaways' on the incline would be diverted uphill where it was hoped they would come to a natural halt, rather than careering downhill out of control. The whole works - which included a new wharf at Willsbridge on the River Avon - were completed by 1881.
But in the spring of 1904 a flood burst through California Colliery, and although no lives were lost, the catastrophe bankrupted the company. The pit was finished and 100 years ago this summer the Dramway was officially closed, never to reopen.
Not much now remains of this historic track. Most of the unique 15ft-long cast iron fish-belly lines went fo
Periodic Table in Art Deco - Iron
26 proton2, 56 neutrons (most commonly) and 26 electrons with a mass of about 56 amu. Born of death and hardship, abundant, available, ancient, malleable to rigid, high strength to brittle, utilitarian or/and fantastically artistic, impermanent but reincarnate, destroyer and healer, life sustainer, mother and nurturer.
Isolation is older than recorded history. Named "ferrum" by Romans later "Iron" in Anglo-Saxon. Originally worked by Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hittites it was referred to as "god metal" by later cultures.
Pure iron was used throughout antiquity and small blast furnaces, using charcoal and hand manned bellows to maintain airflow and high temperatures were used to separate iron from the ores. Everything from hinges to wagon wheels were made of iron. It's malleable nature and thermal expansivity were ideal for working.
It was also quickly recognized to be a superior metal to bronze, tin and copper for weaponry and armor and the great wars and conquests from antiquity to today are based on iron based weaponry from firing pins to battleships.
Samurai swords in particular demonstrate some of the highest engineering skills derived from careful observation of processes. Samurai swords are deadly but remarkably beautiful creations. Maybe there is a a bright spot in that they are now valued for their artistic traits and their symbolic power rather than their actual ability to maim and kill. These swords are laboriously worked so that the more flexible low carbon steel in the backbone supports the deadly sharp, glass-brittle, high-carbon steel blade keeping it from breaking.
Staying in Asia a bit the Chinese apparently developed methods for creating cast iron around 500 BC. Stoves to safely contain fires and beautiful wrought iron rail-work - sometimes coexistent, are just a few of the fruits of this process. Imagine New Orleans without the scroll-laden rails of the chateaus.
Adding more carbon and traces of other metals produces one of our most useful products; steel. Strong, easy to form, magnetic or not, stainless, heat resistant, modern society could not exist without it. We can debate the true merits of modern society but there is no doubt that bridges, roads, skyscrapers sewers, engines, power plants, power transmission pylons, etc... would not exist without steel. On the smaller scale scalpels, needles, probes, electricity, and electronics we utilize owe their existence to steel.
Again there is our dichotomous relationship with steel as it is the stuff of most weaponry. But in its best synthesis of engineering and art it comes together in the beautiful arches of bridges and domes of municipal buildings and so on.
Like all elements Iron comes from the stars. It is the product of hot massive stars in the final days of their existence. Gravity pulls hard on them but their hydrogen and helium are nearly gone and they are forced to fuse heavier elements like carbon and oxygen with helium to produce energy to counter the gravity and keep it from collapsing. After along chain of such reactions unstable nickel-56 forms. Any further fusion reactions cannot produce energy and instead consume energy - literally the star's life energy. Unstable nickle-56 decays decays to cobalt-56 which decays to iron-56 and accumulates in the star's core. When the star explodes in a supernova it spews all these elements out into the universe.
Coming back to earth, iron is a keystone of human and most life as we know it. Iron's propensity to be oxidized by oxygen (rust) gives both Mars and blood it's red color. It is this "fer" in Nosferatu referring to the red color of blood. Blood flows red because at the core of every red blood cell there is a complicated hemoglobin protein with a marvelous metalloprotein "heme" that carefully controls how iron binds to oxygen and allows are body to gently carry oxygen and oxidize the food we eat in a beautifully controlled manner. Cytochromes and other regulatory proteins extract energy in this manner so that we do not burst into flames as a log does when it is oxidized in a fire.
Our plants similarly use similar systems to harvest light in a controlled fashion to break water and create carbohydrates. Only through the action of iron and proteins do we live somewhat harmoniously - plants making oxygen and we making carbon dioxide.
Many many biological mechanisms require iron to catalyze their reactions. It's abundant and nature utilizes the same templates over and over again.
Beautiful iron and beautiful ironwork.
cast iron wagon wheels
Flat Black primer paint and BIG White wall tires personify the "Old School" hot rod look that has become the rage today. (Actually, in the "old days", most hot rods were in various shades of 'primer' simply because few hot rodders had the dough to paint their 'rides'; and most of the White Wall tires were hand-painted using "varsity" brand white - or black tire paint sold at Pep Boys or Western Auto stores). Just for kicks, Toy Zone & TD decided to "customize" some of the classic 1/43 cars in the "Old School" look - and they came out looking cool and nostalgic. These will be 'limited' production runs, so get 'em while they last. This is the real deal. A collectable Tom Daniel Car.
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